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Sindh with its 42.4 million population stands second largest
and with an area of 140914 Sq.Km stands third largest
province of Pakistan. In the census 1998 with 2.8% per annum
Growth Rate 30.4 million population of Sindh was reported.
The portion of Pakistan’s Population in Sindh during 1951
was 18% which increased to 23% in 1998 and it is also
increasing continuously due to migration from other parts of
the country and abroad. Density per Sq.Km in 1951 was 43,
which has also been increased to 216 per Sq.Km in 1998. The
population growth rate in the urban areas is also
proportionately very high as compared to other areas of the
country, as a result the rural and urban population
increased from 40:60 to 52:48 in 2010.
Welfare Department Sindh
Pakistan is one of the pioneers in this region in the
family planning program which was started in mid of 20th
century. Other countries from the region followed suit and
adopted Pakistan’s Population Welfare Program in their
respective countries and achieved tremendous success.
In 1960 the Government of Pakistan started the National
Family Planning Program (NFPP) was run by Ministry of Health
up till 1965, afterwards separate semi autonomous body with
the name of “Pakistan Family Planning Board” (East Pakistan
and West Pakistan) was formed under the Ministry of Health
which run it till early 80s. In 1983 Population Welfare
activities were transferred to Provinces and they
established independent Population Welfare Departments.
In 2010 after 18th Constitutional Amendment, Ministry of
Population Welfare has been devolved and its functions
transferred to the provinces. Consequent upon devolution,
provinces have taken over all the assets and liabilities of
the devolved subjects.